Englewood Makes History

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  • Florence Lamont.jpg

    Florence Haskell Corliss Lamont was a civil leader and philanthropist. She graduated from Smith College in 1893 and received an M.A. in Philosophy from Columbia University. Her philanthropic work focused on international peace and education. She supported the New School for Social Research and donated 150 acres in Palisades, New York to Columbia University to establish the Center for Geography Studies. She also supported the League of Nations and the United Nations. She served on the board for both the League of Nations and the Executive Committee of the American Association for the United Nations. 

    She married Thomas William Lamont in 1895. She had four children, Thomas Stilwell, Corliss, Austin, and Eleanor Allen Lamont Cunningham.
  • Arthur L. Jackson.jpg

    Arthur L. Jackson was an educator and social worker. He was chairman of the Brooklyn Boys' Work Council and superintendent of the Siloam Presbyterian Church Sunday School. He was also involved with the Utopia Children's House where he organized many social and educational clubs for boys including Boy Scout Troop No. 765.
  • Bethune.jpg

    Mary Jane Mcleod Bethune was an influential African American educator, civil rights activist, and women's rights activist.

    Bethune was born July 10, 1875 in South Carolina. She was the daughter of Samuel and Patsy Mcleod who were previously enslaved.

    She married Albertus Bethune in 1899. She also had a son. Her marriage with Albertus ended in 1904. That same year she opened the Daytona Beach Literary and Industrial School for Training Negro Girls. The school evolved into a college, merging with the Cookman Institute forming the Bethune-Cookman College in 1929.

    Bethune was heavily involved in activism, including the Women's Suffrage Movement. She was elected the president of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs in 1924 and she was the founding president of the National Council of Negro Women in 1935. 

    Bethune was friends with Eleanor Roosevelt and was the highest-ranking African-American woman in the United States government when Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration in 1936. A position she remained in until 1944. 

    In 1940 she became the vice-president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She was also the only black woman at the founding conference of the United Nations in 1945.
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