Englewood Makes History

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  • Phoebe Sehan.png

    Phoebe Seham was the founder and board president of the Englewood Women's Rights Infomation Center. She was also a member of The Advisory Commission on the Status of Women in Bergan County. She was a member of the Women's Rights Committee of the New Jersey Bar Association.

    She gave numerous lectures in local community centers and clubs about women's rights, violent crimes against women, discrimination, and women's suffrage.

    She graduated from Mount Holyoke College in 1954. Her husband was Martin Charles Seham. She had four children, Amy, Jenny, Lee, and Lucy.
  • Anna Howard Shaw.png

    Anna Howard Shaw was a leader of the American women's suffrage movement, a physician, and an ordained Methodist minister. 

    Despite opposition to her preaching, she continued for years, receiving a local preacher's license in 1873.  She was rejected in 1880 from the Methodist Episcopal Church but was ordained but the Methodist Protestant Church. 

    Shaw became heavily involved in the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) and eventually the American Woman Suffrage Movement. She was encouraged by Susan B. Anthony to join the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). Shaw helped to merge the American Woman Suffrage Association and the NWSA into the NAWSA. She opposed militant techniques used by fellow NAWSA members during World War I. She was president until her resignation in 1915.

    During the war, she was the head of the Women's Committee of the United States Council of National Defense and was the first woman to receive the Distinguished Service Medal.

    Shaw had a thirty-year relationship with her lover, Lucy Elmina Anthony, niece of Susan B. Anthony. Lucy was also a women's rights activist and leader. She served as secretary for both Shaw and Susan B.
  • Bethune.jpg

    Mary Jane Mcleod Bethune was an influential African American educator, civil rights activist, and women's rights activist.

    Bethune was born July 10, 1875 in South Carolina. She was the daughter of Samuel and Patsy Mcleod who were previously enslaved.

    She married Albertus Bethune in 1899. She also had a son. Her marriage with Albertus ended in 1904. That same year she opened the Daytona Beach Literary and Industrial School for Training Negro Girls. The school evolved into a college, merging with the Cookman Institute forming the Bethune-Cookman College in 1929.

    Bethune was heavily involved in activism, including the Women's Suffrage Movement. She was elected the president of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs in 1924 and she was the founding president of the National Council of Negro Women in 1935. 

    Bethune was friends with Eleanor Roosevelt and was the highest-ranking African-American woman in the United States government when Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration in 1936. A position she remained in until 1944. 

    In 1940 she became the vice-president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She was also the only black woman at the founding conference of the United Nations in 1945.
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