Englewood Makes History

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  • Hatcher Irwin Norris.jpg

    Hatcher Irwin Norris was the first African American teacher hired in Englewood Schools. He taught industrial arts. He was recruited for World War II and served as a First Lieutenant, He was killed in action.
  • John W Davis.png

    John Warren Davis was an educator and civil rights leader. He was president of West Virginia State University from 1919 to 1953. While in this position, Davis led the college to become fully accredited, making the institution one of the four black colleges and the first public college in West Virginia to become accredited. He also created the State 4-H Camp, the Civilian Pilot Training Program, and the Army Specialized Training Program. 

    Davis was also one of the founders of the first NAACP chapter in Atlanta, Georgia. He also established the NAACP's legal defense fund to desegregate colleges and provide black students with scholarships. He was also involved with the National Urban League and was the president of the Englewood Chapter. Other organizations he was involved with included the National Advisory Committee on Education of Negros, the National Advisory Committee on Education, the National Science Board, the National Science Foundation, and the National Education Association. He commonly hosted civil rights leaders in his home along with his wife, Ethel. 

    He was married Bessie Rucker Davis in 1916 until she died in 1931. He married Ethel McGhee in 1932. He had three children, Constance Davis Welch, Dorothy Davis McDaniel, and Caroline Davis Gleiter.
  • Ethel McGhee Davis.jpg

    Ethel Davis McGhee was an American social worker and educator. She was the first African American social worker in Englewood, New Jersey when she became the Director of Social Work at the Social Service Federation for Englewood's African American community in 1925. She worked for the Social Service Federation's Memorial House, which was eventually named the Englewood Community House.

    In the 1930s, Davis worked at Spelman College, where she acted as Dean of Women and taught sociology. She was the school's first African American administrator.

    Davis was heavily involved in numerous organizations such as the Young Woman's Christian Association (YWCA), the National Council of Jewish Women, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the National Urban League, the League of Women Voters, and the National Council of Negro Women.

    She traveled back to Englewood in 1954 and remained active in the community. She was involved in numerous organizations in Englewood including the Social Service Federation, the Urban League, the Leonard Johnson Nursery School, the Community Chest, the First Baptist Church of Englewood, and the Adult Advisory Committee.

    She married John Warren Davis, President of West Virginia State College on September 2, 1932. She had two daughters, Caroline Florence Davis Gleiter and Dorothy Davis McDaniel.
  • Arthur L. Jackson.jpg

    Arthur L. Jackson was an educator and social worker. He was chairman of the Brooklyn Boys' Work Council and superintendent of the Siloam Presbyterian Church Sunday School. He was also involved with the Utopia Children's House where he organized many social and educational clubs for boys including Boy Scout Troop No. 765.
  • Bethune.jpg

    Mary Jane Mcleod Bethune was an influential African American educator, civil rights activist, and women's rights activist.

    Bethune was born July 10, 1875 in South Carolina. She was the daughter of Samuel and Patsy Mcleod who were previously enslaved.

    She married Albertus Bethune in 1899. She also had a son. Her marriage with Albertus ended in 1904. That same year she opened the Daytona Beach Literary and Industrial School for Training Negro Girls. The school evolved into a college, merging with the Cookman Institute forming the Bethune-Cookman College in 1929.

    Bethune was heavily involved in activism, including the Women's Suffrage Movement. She was elected the president of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs in 1924 and she was the founding president of the National Council of Negro Women in 1935. 

    Bethune was friends with Eleanor Roosevelt and was the highest-ranking African-American woman in the United States government when Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration in 1936. A position she remained in until 1944. 

    In 1940 she became the vice-president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She was also the only black woman at the founding conference of the United Nations in 1945.
  • Screenshot 2024-03-14 at 1.45.46 PM.png

    In 1941, Leroy McCloud became the second black teacher in Englewood’s public schools. The Board hired McLoud to teach industrial arts at the newly segregated all-black Lincoln Junior High School. McCloud also became the first black principal in the Englewood schools. He was the principal of Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Cleveland schools. He retired in 1982 but continued to be involved in school and lecturing. He now has an elementary school named after him located in Englewood. 

    He married Eula Davis in 1942. He had a son, Leroy.
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