Englewood Makes History

Browse Items (3 total)

  • Alfred T. Holley.jpg

    Alfred T. Holley was a Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Military. He joined in 1889 and served in the Spanish-American War. He retired in 1909. He was a member of the B.P.O.E Hackensack Elks, Lodge 658, and was elected exalted ruler four times. He was also a businessman and was president of Holley and Smith coal and oil company.

    He married Alice Beatrice Herbert in April of 1914.
  • Hatcher Irwin Norris.jpg

    Hatcher Irwin Norris was the first African American teacher hired in Englewood Schools. He taught industrial arts. He was recruited for World War II and served as a First Lieutenant, He was killed in action.
  • Muammar Gaddafi .png

    Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi was a Libyian politician. He was the leader of Libya until 2011 when he was assassinated.

    He came to power in 1969. The revolutionary group he founded overthrew the Western-back Senussi monarchy. His first position was Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republican from 1969 to 1977. Then he served as the Brotherly Leader of the Great Socialist.

    He believed in Arab nationalism and socialism. He was anti-western capitalism and imperialism. While he claimed to believe that the country should be ruled by the masses, the model of government he created was highly hierarchical which placed his family at the top with unchecked power. He also created numerous social programs and nationalized the oil industry. However, throughout his rule, he was accused of many human rights violations and suppressing dissent. Libya was hostile to the United States and the United Kingdom. He claimed responsibility for bombing Pan AM Flight 103 and UTA Flight 772, resulting in the US and the UK bombing in retaliation in 1986 and economic sanctions from the United Nations.

    During the Arab Springs in 2011, a civil war broke out with NATO supporting the National Transitional Council which opposed Gaddafi. The protests began in February and Gaddafi sent the army to Benghazi, opening fire on protesters. Both sides in the coming war committed human rights violations, and in June the International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam, and his brother-in-law Abdullah Sensussi.

    Trying to flee NATO bombings, Gaddafi went towards the Jarref Valley to die closer to where he was born. He was eventually captured by the Misrata militia and brutally killed, which was videotaped.  

    He married Fathia Nuri, but was divorced in 1970, a year after they were married. He then married Safia Farkash. He had ten children, eight sons and two daughters
Output Formats

atom, dcmes-xml, json, omeka-xml, rss2