Englewood Makes History

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  • Dubois.jpg

    W.E.B. DuBois was a famous African American scholar, writer, historian, sociologist, and Civil Rights Activist. He was one of the founding members of the NAACP.

    He was the son of Mary Silvina Burghardt and Alfred DuBois. From 1892 to 1894 he traveled through Germany and became influenced by the historical work of Albert Bushnell Hart and the Philosophical work of William James. 

    He focused heavily on history and sociology, publishing numerous articles. He also attempted to establish journals discussing politics and ideology for a black audience. DuBois believed that African Americans should embrace their African heritage while also contributing to American society.  DuBois also believed in Pan-Africanism.

    DuBois along with other African American leaders founded the Niagara Movement in 1904 which militantly advocated for full civil and political rights for blacks. The movement only succeeded in 1909, when the NAACP was founded after rioting in August of 1908 in Springfield, Illinois caused a biracial conference over concerns of violence against blacks. DuBois also finally achieved his desire for a journal as he became the editor of The Crisis.  

    World War I caused a shift in DuBois' beliefs. He became involved in peace work. He also supported the use of Marxism to fight against racial discrimination through economic programs and institutions, which caused him to become at odds with the NAACP president. He resigned from the organization but returned in 1944. He again became at odds with the organization as he supported socialist organizations and the Progressive Party during the rise of anti-communism.  

    He met Nina Gomer, a student at Wilberforce University where he taught for two years, and married her in 1896.

    In 1950, he married Shirley Graham after his first wife passed away. She had a child from a previous relationship, David, who took on the DuBois name. Throughout the rest of his life, he was a member of peace movements and was continually interacting with leftist and communist party organizations. In October 1961, he officially joined the American Communist Party. His support of communism put him at odds with the American government and legal system and was restricted from travel for several years. When it was lifted in 1958 and after traveling throughout communist countries in Eastern Europe and Asia he lived the rest of his life in Ghana.
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    Corliss Lamont was an American socialist and philosopher. He received a degree from Harvard and spent 1924 at Oxford. He received a PhD from Columbia University and taught philosophy there. 

    During the 1930s he became involved in political activism becoming a board member and eventual director of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). He wrote several books including The Philosophy of Humanism (1949). He admired the Soviet Union and was the head of the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (NCASF). He was targeted as a communist by Joe McCarthy but was able to overturn the charges against him. While he supported Marxism, he never joined the Communist Party. In 1952 he ran for senator under the Labor Party and again in 1958 as an Independent-Socialist. In 1964 Lamont sued the Postmaster General for reading and refusing to deliver his mail. The justification was the anti-propaganda law of 1962 that allowed the Postmaster General to destroy possible communist political propaganda. The case went to the Supreme Court and Lamont v. Postmaster General deemed the law unconstitutional. 

    He married Margaret Hayes Irish on June 8, 1928. After they separated, he married Helen Boyden Lamb in 1962. She passed in 1975. His last marriage was to Beth Keehner. He had four children, Margaret "Margot" Hayes Heap, Florence Parmelee Antonides, Hayes Corliss, and Anne Sterling Jafferis.
  • Janet Upjohn Stearns The_Record_Tue__Mar_20__1979_.jpg
  • Charles Hinton Funeral On Monday The_Record_Fri__Aug_17__1962_.jpg
  • %22Discrimination Charged in Englewood Zoning%22 Asbury_Park_Press_Wed__Oct_27__1954_.jpg
  • Englewood Man is Theatre Owners' Officer.jpg
  • %22Former Slave Dies at 102,%22 The_Morning_Call_Thu__Nov_17__1938_.jpg
  • Janet Upjohn Stearns The_Record_Fri__Mar_16__1979_.jpg
  • Owners Decide Plaza Theatre as a Suitable Name The_Record_Mon__Aug_16__1926_.jpg
  • %22School Board Told Its Duty is to Promote Integration.%22 The_Morning_News_Thu__Oct_21__1954_.jpg
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