Englewood Makes History

Browse Items (13 total)

  • Urban League Bergen County.jpg

    The Urban League for Bergen County is a volunteer auxiliary of the National Urban League.
  • Irwin William Langston Roundtree.jpg

    Irwin William Langston "Dominie" Roundtree was a minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. He was born into slavery sometime between 1855 and 1865. Princeton University alumni files place his birth on September 15, 1855.

    He was one of Princeton's earliest African American graduates, earning a Master of Arts in 1895. He served as pastor of the Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church in Trenton for twenty-five years. He also was heavily involved in politics in New Jersey. He ran for state government positions, specifically the State Board of Arbitration. He ran for Delegate-At-Large for the Republican Convention in 1936.

    He might have been in Englewood and involved with the AME church in the town in 1890 and 1891. 

    He married Fannie Colson on June 21, 1888.
  • NAACP Bergen County.jpg

    Many notable residents of Englewood have been members of The Bergen County Branch of the NAACP.
  • Dr Martin Luther King Jr. The_Record_1957_05_24_25.jpg

    The newspaper article discusses Martin Luther King's lecture at a public forum on the progress in race relations. John W. Davis was the chairman of this meeting and King visited Davis' home. 
  • NUL Logo.jpg

    The National Urban League is a civil rights organization that advocates for African American rights, fighting against racial discrimination. The Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negros was founded in 1910 by Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr. George Edmund Hayes and it merged with the Committee for the Improvement of Industrial Conditions Among Negros and the National League for the Protection of Colored Women. 
     
    The organization provides many services such as job training, housing and community development, workforce development, educational opportunities, and voting assistance. Programs were developed to fight for health, employment, and housing equity.  The organization has been involved in politics, protests, and social work throughout its history to achieve its mission.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. .png

    Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and a prominent leader of the civil rights movement. King's leadership in the movement began in December of 1955 and lasted until he was assassinated in April 1968. King is famous for his nonviolent resistance and protests. Some of his notable protests were the March on Washington in 1963 and the Selma to Mongomery Marches. "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" and "I Have A Dream" are the two well-known articles and speeches from King. He was the youngest man awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. 

    He married Coretta Scott in 1953. He had four children, Yolanda, Martin III, Dexter, and Bernice.
  • Calvin Vismale.jpg

    Calvin Ferdinand Vismale was a Business Administrator. He graduated from N. Y. City College School of Business Administration. He also served in the military from 1946 to 1947. He received a B.B.A. in 1950. He was appointed Agency Director of United Mutual Life Insurance in 1955, the largest black-owned insurance company. He was a member of the NAACP and the National Urban League. Vismale helped bring Martin Luther King Jr. and Babatunde Olatunji to Englewood. He was a member of Galilee Methodist Church. He became one of the first African Americans to be installed as a Chartered Life Underwriter.

    He married a woman named Mary. He had at least three children, Calvin F. Jr., Terri Renee Vismale-Morris, and Tess Marie.
  • John W Davis.png

    John Warren Davis was an educator and civil rights leader. He was president of West Virginia State University from 1919 to 1953. While in this position, Davis led the college to become fully accredited, making the institution one of the four black colleges and the first public college in West Virginia to become accredited. He also created the State 4-H Camp, the Civilian Pilot Training Program, and the Army Specialized Training Program. 

    Davis was also one of the founders of the first NAACP chapter in Atlanta, Georgia. He also established the NAACP's legal defense fund to desegregate colleges and provide black students with scholarships. He was also involved with the National Urban League and was the president of the Englewood Chapter. Other organizations he was involved with included the National Advisory Committee on Education of Negros, the National Advisory Committee on Education, the National Science Board, the National Science Foundation, and the National Education Association. He commonly hosted civil rights leaders in his home along with his wife, Ethel. 

    He was married Bessie Rucker Davis in 1916 until she died in 1931. He married Ethel McGhee in 1932. He had three children, Constance Davis Welch, Dorothy Davis McDaniel, and Caroline Davis Gleiter.
  • NAACP.png

    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an interracial human rights organization. The mission of the organization was to abolish segregation and discrimination. It was founded in 1909 by a group of people including W.E.B. DuBois, Ida Bell, Wells-Barnett, and Mary Ovington. It gained traction due to the 1908 Springfield Race Riots in Illinois. Some founding members were involved with the Niagara Movement led by DuBois. 

    Some of the most notable actions of the movement were its activism in Supreme Court cases that fought against Jim Crow Laws and Lynching in the 1910s and 1920s. The creation of the NAACP Defense and Education Fund in 1939 which litigated the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, ending racial segregation in schools. They also won the 1946 Morgan v. Virginia, which ended segregation for interstate travel. The organization was extremely active and crucial during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. 

    The organization remains one of the oldest and most influential multiracial institutions. It continues to recognize and fight for political, educational, social, and economic rights and the elimination of race-based discrimination.
  • Bethune.jpg

    Mary Jane Mcleod Bethune was an influential African American educator, civil rights activist, and women's rights activist.

    Bethune was born July 10, 1875 in South Carolina. She was the daughter of Samuel and Patsy Mcleod who were previously enslaved.

    She married Albertus Bethune in 1899. She also had a son. Her marriage with Albertus ended in 1904. That same year she opened the Daytona Beach Literary and Industrial School for Training Negro Girls. The school evolved into a college, merging with the Cookman Institute forming the Bethune-Cookman College in 1929.

    Bethune was heavily involved in activism, including the Women's Suffrage Movement. She was elected the president of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs in 1924 and she was the founding president of the National Council of Negro Women in 1935. 

    Bethune was friends with Eleanor Roosevelt and was the highest-ranking African-American woman in the United States government when Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration in 1936. A position she remained in until 1944. 

    In 1940 she became the vice-president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She was also the only black woman at the founding conference of the United Nations in 1945.
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